State and local governments, municipalities, city councils, local law enforcement agencies, federal government agencies, and other government entities – collectively the government sector – are under attack from cyber criminals and nation-states. Threats from ransomware, business email compromise, phishing and other security threats are relentless, and 2019 was a banner year for various types of attacks against government.
A few examples:
Successful attacks hit four municipalities in Florida in April and June 2019, more than 20 local government organizations in Texas (August 2019), and two power utilities in India (August 2019). Two-thirds of more than 70 ransomware attacks in the United States during the first half of 2019 had local and state government organizations in the crosshairs. The ransomware attack on the City of Atlanta in March 2018 compromised approximately 150 applications, including mission critical services such as the court system and police. The Atlanta’s Attorney Office lost 71 of its 77 computers and a decade worth of documents in the attack.
The City of Naples, Florida was the victim of a spear-phishing attack in July 2019 that netted $700,000 for the cybercriminal(s); this occurred after Collier County suffered a similar attack in December 2018 that netted $184,000.
- Business Email Compromise
A public school in Portland, Oregon almost lost $3 million to a successful BEC attack, and a county in North Carolina was tricked into paying $2.5 million into the wrong bank account for a contractor working on a local project (some of which it was able to recover through quick action by the bank).
- Data Breaches
Mega-breaches include the US Office of Personnel Management in mid-2015 with 21.5 million sensitive data records breached, and the US Justice Department in 2016 with a data breach exposing contact details for more than 20,000 FBI and Homeland Security employees. A White House audit in 2015 discovered a cumulative 77,000 cyber incidents across government, with theft of data a common occurrence. In late October 2019, hackers breached the City of Johannesburg and claimed they had exfiltrated sensitive financial and personal data. The hackers said they would publish the data if a ransom payment was not made.
We have recently published a white paper focused on cyber security in government that discusses the problems in depth. It discusses a number of important best practices that government decision makers should seriously consider. You can download it here.