According to the Ponemon Institute’s 2018 Cost of Insider Threats: Global report, of the 3,269 insider incidents that Ponemon investigated, 23 percent were caused by “criminal insiders” (as opposed to careless/negligent employees or contractors, or credential thieves). These malicious insiders can wreak all sorts of havoc, including theft of customer records, trade secrets or competitive information; and they can create enormous liabilities for their employer in the wake of their departure, such as triggering regulatory audits or fines for violating customer privacy.
So, why do employees become malicious and what can be done about it? Reviewing advice from a variety of sources reveals that most of that advice focuses on checking employees: check their background before they’re hired, monitor their behavior for signs that they might become malicious, and so forth. However, Osterman Research believes that companies should also focus heavily on their managers and monitor their behavior. For example, do managers in your company berate employees in front of their peers? Do they give them poor performance evaluations that are not justified? Do they demonstrate that they have “favorites” among their subordinates? Do they enforce company policies differently for some employees than they do for others? Do they insult their employees? In short, how well do your managers treat those that they manage?
Understanding management behavior is key. A study from several years ago by the law firm Drinker Biddle and Reath found that employees who are treated poorly by their managers will be more likely to commit fraud, intentionally breach data, and otherwise violate corporate policies.
What should employers do? There are several things:
- Monitor managers’ email and collaboration accounts to uncover instances of morale-destroying behavior.
- Monitor their personal social media accounts to uncover posts that undermine employees, the company or others.
- Conduct anonymous employee surveys to get some honest opinions about how managers are treating their subordinates.
- Monitor employee accounts for signs that their managers are treating them badly.
Of course, the goal is not to conduct a witch hunt or to undermine the morale of corporate managers. But bad managers create bad employees, and that significantly increases a company’s risk profile.